Origin: Spinous process of the 6th to 12th thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: Tubercle at the apex of the spine of the scapula.
Action: stabilization, depression and rotation of the scapula,
Position: Lying prone with the arm held 45° superior to the shoulder, with the arm elevated and scapula retracted.
Rotation: Thumb pointing directly upwards
Stabilise: Opposite hip
Monitor: Monitor the arm in a downward direction, observing the scapula for movement away from the spine
Nerve Supply: Spinal accessory and ventral ramus - C2-C4
Sympathetic: L1, L2, L3
Parasympathetic: Vagus X, S2
Anterior: Bilateral anterolateral from hip to knee
Posterior: Bilateral region between L1, L4 &PSIS.
Neuro-Vascular Reflex: Bilateral parietal eminences-posterior aspect.
Yuan point: LI4
Nutrition: Bifidobacterium bifidum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Vit. D, iron.